Charleston in 1801
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Charleston, South Carolina Firsts for the Year 1801 By: Ill. Brother McDonald "Don" Burbidge, 33 o Listed below are some facts concerning Charleston for the year of 1801: • In the year of 1801 Charleston was known as "The Antebellum City" because of the rapid expansion of rice and cotton growing along with the fabulous prices that these Commodities brought to the planter. • The University of South Carolina was founded in Columbia (December 19). (I included this even thou it does not have anything to do with Charleston. however, USC is well known to everyone.) • March 17, The Hibernian Society was organized. • June 01, 1801- the temperature for the day was as follows: This is the information on what the day was like after the Supreme Council was established in Charleston. Thermometer Reading Barometer Hydro Dump Prevailing Winds 8am 3pm 10pm 8am 3pm 10pm 77deg 83deg 79deg 68 30 E Cloudy Clear • December 19, Two state banks were chartered, The Bank of South Carolina and the State Bank. • December 19, The state appropriated $50,000 to pay Phineas Miller and Eli Whitney For the right of S.C. planters to use their machine called "a saw gin, for cleaning the staple of cotton from the seed." After some difficulties the inventor collected. References: Charleston! The History of a Southern City By: Walter J. Fraser, Jr. A South Carolina Chronology 1497-1970 By: George C. Rogers, Jr. The Gazzette Newspaper Dated: July , 1801 People and Professions of Charleston, South Carolina, 1782-1802 By: James W. Hagy Chronology and Documentary Handbook of the State of South Carolina By: Robert I. Vexler (State Editor) William F. Swindler (Series Editor) Dated: 1978 • The professions most often listed are as follows: Merchants, grocer, carpenter, shop keeper, planter, mariner, tailors, physician, attorney, and boarding house. Following is a partial list of the number of persons for each professional status: Profession Total Number Account 1 Apothecary 3 Auctioneer 6 Baptist 1 Barber 7 Blacksmith 13 Block Maker 9 Boarding House 32 Boarding School 1 Book Shop 1 Book Keeper 3 Book Seller 2 Boot Maker 1 Brass Founder 1 Brewer 1 Brick Layer 19 Brick Maker 1 British Consul 1 Broker 6 Butcher 32 Cabinet Maker 24 Cake Shop 1 Captain 2 Dancing Master 3 Dentist 3 Distiller 4 Druggist 6 (Dalcho was one of them) Governor 1 Hotel 1 Justice of the Peace 3 Livery Stables 2 Mariner 55 Merchants 274 Physicians 40 (Auld and Dalcho were physicians) Planters 57 Printers 9 Schools 2 School Master 6 School Mistress 12 Sheriff 1 Shoe Maker 16 Spanish Consul 1 Stamping Officer 1 Widow 109 Women constituted 309 of the total entries or 16%. Of those only 103 have professions listed, the greatest number being shop owners (21%), boarding houses ( 16%), and teaching (13%). As an interesting note the following appears : DALCHO & AULD APOTHECARIES, 132 EAST BAY A lot has been written about these two working together but the location at which they worked together had never been mention until now.
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